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History of a person (Famous people in Edo era1.) 江戸時代の有名人

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最終更新日:2008年8月22日 ページID:004009

Tadatsugu Ina (Bizen-no-kami) 1550~1610

Shogunate governor in the early Edo Era. In charge of policies which became the basis for the shogunate's politics and economy. Played an important role in property surveys and river improvement. By order of Lord Yorifusa Tokugawa, the 1st lord of the Mito Region, Ina constructed the "Bizen-bori" canal by redirecting water from Senba Lake. The benefit of his waterworks still flows today.

Tadatsugu Ina (Bizen-no-kami)

Shunsui Shu 1600~1682

A Confucian scholar from Ming. When Ming was destroyed, Shunsui fled to Nagasaki. At that time, Mitsukuni Tokugawa, the 2nd lord of the Mito Region invited Shunsui to be a teacher for the Mito Region. His philosophy rejected hollow arguments and valued practical study, His scholarship expanded to festival vessels, silk worm cultivation, and prescription for vaccinations. In order to educate feudal retainers, he initiated also etiquette based on Buddhist sutras, and formal Confucianism. The increase in practical academic culture is credited to his influence.

Shunsui Shu

Yorifusa Tokugawa (Ikou) 1603~1661

The First lord of the Mito Region. Born in the Kyoto-Fushimi castle as the 11th child of 1st General Ieyasu Tokugawa who established the Edo Shogunate (in 1600). Yorifusa became the lord of Mito Region in 1609. His major achievements include construction of the region's foundations such as major improvements to the Mito castle, expansion of the castle town by sub city construction, land inspections, and by implementing water projects. Lord Yorifusa established the Mito region as one of three branches of the house of Tokugawa. He died at the age of 59 at Mito Castle. He is also known by his honorific name as Ikou.

Yorifusa Tokugawa (Ikou)

Mitsukuni Tokugawa (Gikou) 1628~1700

The Second lord of the Mito Region. From the time he became the Mito Region Lord in 1661, he provided good administration through the prohibition of martyrdom, opening of the Kasahara water line, aiding the poor and promotion of industry, he has been highly esteemed as a great ruler from within the region as well as from other parts of the country.
Out of respect for the Imperial Court and to assist the shogunate, he decided to compile the History of Japan, following "Shiki" of China. He invited "talented scholars from all over Japan to complete the "Great Japanese History", and personally edited it, extending major influence over modern Japanese culture as well as the Mito region. In 1690, he resigned as regional lord, and retired to Seizan-Sou(Hitachi-Ota-city), and died at the age of 73.
He is known by his honorific name as Gikou, his Chinese name was Chunagon, and he is affectionately known as "Mito Koumon" popularized through a TV drama.

Mitsukuni Tokugawa (Gikou)

Tanpaku Asaka 1656~1737

Feudal retainer of the Mito region and Confucian scholar. At age of 10, he became a disciple of Shunsui Shu, a Confucian scholar, who had been invited by Mitsukuni Tokugawa, the Second regional lord, and became a master scholar. At the age of 28, he entered Shoukoukan (where the editing of the "Great Japanese History" took place, and established by Lord Mitsukuni), and worked on the editing of the "Great Japanese History". He became the 6th president of Shoukoukan at age of 38. In his later years, he deepened his friendship with scholars such as Hakuseki Arai, Sorai Ogyu etc., and was esteemed as a representative of Mito scholarship.

Tanpaku Asaka 

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